More on the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme – Coverage, Contributions and Membership

More from Nav.no about the National Insurance Scheme:

National Insurance Coverage

What entitlements you can claim under the National Insurance Act depends on what kind of membership you have, or whether you are covered by a social security agreement.

Membership and coverage
The general rule is that you are covered under the National Insurance Act if you are a compulsory member of the National Insurance Scheme. You should be aware that some entitlements require that you have been a member of the National Insurance Scheme for a certain time. These requirements are specified for each benefit.

If you are covered by a social security agreement with another country, it may compensate for an insufficient period of residence in Norway.
If you, as an employee or as a resident in Norway, are not a member of the National Insurance Scheme, you can apply for voluntary membership. You can apply for voluntary membership in connection with:
– Residence in Norway
– Residence outside Norway

What sort of national insurance coverage do you get?
With voluntary membership, you can only be a member for sections of national insurance. You decide yourself what national insurance coverage you will apply for and specify the coverage you want on the application form.

As a general rule, pensioners can only be members of the health section.
Coverage under the health section includes health service benefits and lump sum grants for births and adoptions. Application for sickness benefit and parental benefit entitlements can be linked to the health section.

Coverage under the pension section includes old-age pensions, disability pensions, benefits for surviving spouse, orphan’s pensions, unemployment benefits, single mother or father benefits, funeral grants, basic and auxiliary benefits, medical rehabilitation and occupational rehabilitation, and grants to former family carers.

National Insurance Contributions

The Norwegian Tax Administration Authorities only set and assess the national insurance contributions for persons who are resident in Norway for tax purposes.

When must I pay national insurance contribution to NAV and not the Norwegian Tax Administration?
Answer: If you do not pay taxes to Norway and you are a member of the National Insurance Scheme, NAV will collect the national insurance contributions. If you are a voluntary member of the National Insurance Scheme, NAV will also collect the contributions.

If you pay taxes to Norway, you must ensure that the Tax Assessment Office does not deduct national insurance contributions from you as if you were a compulsory member. In such instances, the Tax Assessment Office will have a copy of the decision to cease compulsory membership and so discontinue deducting contributions from you as if you were a compulsory member of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme.

I shall be staying abroad for more than a year and have applied for, and been granted voluntary membership. What effect does this have on the national insurance contributions?
Answer: You must pay the contributions for voluntary membership to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad. When you are no longer a compulsory member, you must not have contributions deducted by the Tax Assessment Office as a compulsory member of the National Insurance Scheme.

I have voluntary membership. Does the fact that the employer pays no employer’s contributions on my income affect what I pay in national insurance contributions?
Answer: If the employer does not pay employer’s contributions, you have to pay a higher rate of national insurance contributions.

I reside in Norway and work in Sweden. Must I pay national insurance contributions in Norway?
Answer: No, if you only work in Sweden you are a member of the Swedish national insurance scheme and must pay contributions to Sweden. You must inform your NAV Local Services Office in Norway so that it can notify the Tax Assessment Office that you are no longer a member of the (Norwegian) National Insurance Scheme.

I will be working in the USA as an employee posted there from Norway. How does this affect national insurance contributions?
Answer: When you are posted from Norway, you retain your compulsory membership of the National Insurance Scheme. This means that you must pay the same rate of contributions as if you were an employee in Norway. If you will not be paying tax to Norway while residing in the USA, NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad will collect both the national insurance contributions and the employer’s contributions.

Membership of the National Insurance Scheme

1. Before going abroad, you should check whether your stay will affect your entitlements under the National Insurance Act
This applies particularly if you are taking a job in another country, residing abroad for more than one year, or whether you will be residing abroad for 6 months or more a year, for two or more consecutive years.

2. In order to be entitled to benefits from Norway, you must be a member of the National Insurance Scheme
If you are resident in Norway, you are a compulsory member of the National Insurance Scheme, but there are some exceptions. Voluntary membership also gives entitlement to benefits, depending on what coverage your voluntary membership provides. You can read more about compulsory membership under related content – questions and answers about membership.

3. When you come to work in Norway, you must contact the NAV Local Services Office in the municipality where you will be working
The general rule is that you must be a member of the social insurance scheme of the country in which you are working, but there are exceptions to this rule.

4. When you move to another EEA-country, your membership of the National Insurance Scheme ceases
Get in touch with your NAV Local Services Office, so that they can decide on the termination of your membership. NAV will send a copy of the decision to the Norwegian Tax Administration so that national insurance contributions are not deducted.

5. When you move to a country outside the EEA, your membership of the National Insurance Scheme ceases
Get in touch with your NAV Local Services Office, so that they can decide on the termination of your membership. NAV will send a copy of the decision to the Norwegian Tax Administration so that national insurance contributions are not deducted.

6. Even if you are not entitled to compulsory membership, you may have the right to voluntary membership
You can read more about the difference between compulsory and voluntary membership under questions and answers about membership.

7. Pensioners and moving to another EEA-country
You will not retain your Norwegian membership when you report that you are moving to another EEA-country. Get in touch with NAV Health Service Administration to obtain information about how your move will affect your health entitlements.

8. Employees in Norway with family members residing in another EEA-country
Family members who are resident in another EEA-country are not members of the National Insurance Scheme in Norway. If your spouse is a member as an employee in Norway, your spouse’s membership gives you some entitlements as a family member. For information, get in touch with the NAV Local Services Office in the municipality where the employed person is working.

9. When you take up work in another EEA-country, your membership of the National Insurance Scheme ceases
There are exceptions to this general rule. For information, get in touch with NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad.

10. When you take up work in a country outside the EEA, your membership of the National Insurance Scheme ceases
There are exceptions to this general rule. For information, get in touch with NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad.

11. Social security agreements between countries can affect your membership when you come to Norway and when you leave Norway
The EEA-Agreement is a social security agreement, but Norway has social security agreements with countries outside Europe as well. You can read more about social security agreements under Membership – Social Insurance Agreements.

Correct at time of publishing.

http://www.nav.no/English/Membership+in+The+National+Insurance+Scheme

What Happens to Your National Insurance Membership if you Leave Norway

Below are some scenarios of what happens to your membership in the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme if you leave Norway, even for a short time:

From Nav.no

1. I am a Norwegian citizen and live in Norway but I am going to work in Russia and other countries for a Norwegian employer. Do I keep my membership of Norwegian National Insurance Scheme?
Answer: As a general rule, membership of the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme ceases immediately you start working abroad.

2. Normally I work in Norway for a Norwegian company. The company wants to send me to Russia for half a year to carry out a job for them there. Will I leave the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme while I am working in Russia?
Answer: If you will be working abroad for less than twelve months and your employer undertakes to pay employer’s contributions in Norway, you will be a member of the National Insurance Scheme during your stay in Russia as well.

3. I will be studying in Australia. Am I a member of the National Insurance Scheme while I am studying there?
Answer: If you are receiving loans and/or scholarships from the Norwegian State Educational Loan Fund, you will retain your compulsory membership as a student abroad. If you do not receive loans or scholarships and you reside abroad as a student beyond twelve months, you will not retain your membership of the National Insurance Scheme. In such event, you can apply for voluntary membership of the National Insurance Scheme. You send the application to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad.

4. I will be studying in an EEA-country. How does this affect my membership?
Answer: If you have been granted a loan and/or scholarship from the Norwegian State Educational Loan Fund, you will retain your compulsory membership. If you do not receive support from the Norwegian State Educational Loan Fund, but your stay will not last longer than twelve months, you will retain your membership in the National Insurance Scheme. If you will be studying for more than twelve months and will not be receiving support from the Norwegian State Educational Loan Fund, you can apply for voluntary membership of the National Insurance Scheme. You send the application to NAV National Office for Social Insurance Abroad.

5. I will be moving to the USA and I am receiving old-age pension. Do I retain my membership of the National Insurance Scheme?
Answer: When you move to another country, you do not retain your membership of the National Insurance Scheme. However, you can apply for voluntary membership.

6. I am moving to Spain, which is an EEA-country. Do I retain my membership of the National Insurance Scheme?
Answer: No, you will not retain your membership of the National Insurance Scheme. This will have consequences for entitlement to health services when visiting Norway. Under Health Services you can read more about how moving abroad may affected entitlement to health services in Norway.

7. What is the difference between compulsory and voluntary membership?
Answer: Compulsory membership takes effect without application when you are lawfully residing in Norway and you are considered as resident under the National Insurance Act. There are some exceptions to this. You may also be a compulsory member as a student or employee abroad, but this applies only to a restricted group.

Voluntary membership takes effect after application only and only applies to a restricted group. For example, you do not have the right to voluntary membership as a tourist.

8. I am going round the world for 18 months. Am I considered as resident in Norway during this time so that I retain my compulsory membership of the National Insurance Scheme?
Answer: No, your compulsory membership of the National Insurance Scheme will cease. This applies to stays abroad that last, or are intended to last, for more than twelve months. You will not be able to apply for voluntary membership.

Correct at time of publishing.

http://www.nav.no/English/Membership+in+The+National+Insurance+Scheme/Q+and+A+-+Membership+in+the+National+Insurance+Scheme

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Norwegian Student Loans for Foreign Citizens

Living in Norway has a lot of perks. One of them is that you don’t have to pay for education. Even university degrees, Masters and PhDs can be obtained for free.

Even though the education is free, the living is certainly not. Full time study is hard enough but juggling it with a day job to support a family is tough.

A good amount of families in Norway have parents with different citizenships. To make sure that these families have the ability to further their education, Norway has enabled some residents to be eligible for Lånekassen, Student Loans.

Yes, these loans will need to be paid back, and depending on how much you earn with your job, you might only be eligible for a part-loan, but they are handy during a time when the family sacrifices employment for education.

Here is the information from Lånekassen about financial support for foreign citizens:

The main requirement for support from Lånekassen is that you are a Norwegian citizen. However, foreign citizens may also be entitled to financial support.

Requirements for support

If you are a foreign citizen with legal residence in Norway and you are a student here, you may be entitled to financial support if you meet one of the requirements below.

Grounds qualifying for financial support from Lånekassen When applying please enclose documentation to the following

Protection (asylum)

You have been granted protection (asylum) in Norway. If you live in a refugee reception centre, you are not entitled to support. You may only receive a grant for learning materials if you are planning to attend upper secondary education and still live in a refugee reception centre after your asylum application has been granted. You may receive regular financial support when you have moved from the refugee reception centre.

You must submit a

  • copy of the letter of decision you received from the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) after you came to Norway, that states when you were granted asylum
  • copy of a valid residence permit

If you are receiving, or will receive, introductory support, you must submit a copy of the decision that proves the period for which you receive introductory support.

Special humanitarian considerations or particular attachment to the country

You have residence in Norway due to special humanitarian considerations or particular attachment to the country. If you live in a refugee reception centre, you are not entitled to support. You may only receive a grant for learning materials if you are planning to attend upper secondary education and still lives in a refugee reception centre after your residence permit has been granted. You may receive regular financial support when you have moved from the refugee reception centre.

You must submit a

  • copy of the decision from the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) that states the grounds for being granted residence in Norway
  • copy of a valid residence permit

Married to a Norwegian citizen

You are married / cohabitant with common children / partner to a Norwegian citizen. Both you and your spouse/cohabitant/partner must reside in Norway.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • copy of documentation that proves marriage or registered partnership with Norwegian citizen, or
  • copy of birth certificate for common children with Norwegian cohabitant

Right of residency as family member of EEA citizen

The EEA citizen must have a different basis for residence in Norway than education.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • copy of decision from the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) or the police that proves that you have been reunited with a family member with a residence permit in Norway (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • copy of a valid residence permit or proof of registration for the person you are reunited with (does not apply to Nordic citizens)

You may also be granted support in accordance to this subsection, if you are a Nordic citizen. Please provide information about your family in Norway, which entails father, mother, spouse or cohabitant with whom you have a common child. Enclose his or her name, personal identification number, Norwegian address, how long he or she has lived in Norway and what he or she is doing in Norway (eg. work or education).

Residence permit in connection with a family reunion with a Norwegian or foreign citizen

The person you are reunited with, must have a different basis for residence in Norway than education.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • copy of the decision from the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) or the police that proves that you have been reunited with a family member who has a residence permit in Norway (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • copy of a valid residence permit for the person you have been reunited with (does not apply to Nordic citizens)

You may also be granted support in accordance to this subsection, if you are a Nordic citizen. Please provide information about your family in Norway, which entails father, mother, spouse or cohabitant with whom you have a common child. Enclose his or her name, personal identification number, Norwegian address, how long he or she has lived in Norway and what he or she is doing in Norway (eg. work or education).

Full-time employment

You have been a resident of and held continuous full-time employment in Norway for at least 24 months just prior to starting the education. You must have held a residence permit as an employee and paid tax to Norway during this period. Note that au pair work does not qualify as full-time employment.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid work permit (does not apply to Nordic citizens) for the entire period
  • documentation from employer that proves that you have had continuous full-time employment in Norway for at least 24 months just prior to starting the education. The documentation must be signed by the employer and include an official logo or stamp.
  • confirmation from employer, printout of tax return form or other documentation that proves that you have paid tax in Norway during the same period

Education

You have completed education in Norway for at least three years just prior to the academic year and you have passed education that corresponds to at least three years of full-time education. In this period you may not have received support for the education from Lånekassen, public educational support schemes in other countries (eg. Centrala studiestödsnämnden or Uddannelsesstyrelsen), Norad, Erasmus Mundus, The Norwegian Program for Development, Research and Education (NUFU) or corresponding schemes.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • grade transcript or diploma for education you have completed in Norway

 

National of EEA or EFTA country

Employees from EEA or EFTA countries and their family members, may also be entitled to financial support if they meet one of the requirements below.

Grounds qualifying for financial support from Lånekassen When applying please enclose documentation to the following

EEA or EFTA citizen with employee status

You are a EEA or EFTA citizen with employee status in Norway. There must be a professional connection between your work in Norway and the education you are applying for. If you have become involuntarily unemployed due to general changes in the labour market, the professional connection requirement does not apply.

You must submit a

  • copy of a valid work permit or proof of registration (does not apply to Nordic citizens)
  • confirmation from your Norwegian employer(s) that proves the period(s) you have worked in Norway, what the work consisted of and the workload

Child of a EEA or EFTA citizen with employee status in Norway

Other family members may also be entitled to support.

If one or both of your parents are Nordic citizens, you must submit

  • confirmation that proves that one of your parents is employed in Norway

If your parents are from a country outside the Nordic area, you must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit or proof of registration for one of your parents
  • confirmation from employer of work in Norway

If you, yourself are from a country outside the Nordic area, you must, in addition to documentation for your parents, submit a

  • copy of valid residence permit, proof of registration or residence card for yourself

Married / cohabitant with common children / partner of EEA or EFTA citizen with employee status in Norway

Other family members may also be entitled to support.

If your spouse/cohabitant/partner is a Nordic citizen, you must submit

  • confirmation from employer that proves that he/she is employed in Norway

If your spouse/cohabitant/partner is from a country outside of the Nordic area, you must submit a

  • copy of a valid residence permit or proof of registration for him/her
  • confirmation from the employer of his/her work in Norway

Permanent residence in Norway

You are a EEA citizen, or a family member of a EEA citizen, and you have permanent residence in Norway.

You must submit a

  • copy of permanent residence permit / residence card (does not apply to Nordic citizens)

If you are a Nordic citizen, you must submit

  • confirmation that proves that you have been a resident of Norway for a continuous period of at least five years prior to the education for which you are applying for support. You may for example submit confirmation from employer(s) that proves that you have worked in Norway, or confirmation from academic institution(s) that proves that you have been studying. Lånekassen will check information on registered residence with the national register.

 

Quota students

Separate rules apply for students from developing countries, the Western Balkan countries, countries in Eastern Europe and Central-Asia.

Grounds qualifying for financial support from Lånekassen When applying please enclose documentation to the following

Quota student

You have been accepted to a university college or university on the basis of a quota programme for nationals of developing countries, the Western Balkan countries, countries in Eastern Europe or Central Asia.

For information on which academic institutions and educational programs are included in the quota scheme, please contact your Norwegian university and university college. Read more about the quota scheme here or go to The Norwegian Centre for International Cooperation in Higher Education (SIU).

You must submit the following to your academic institution:

  • copy of the decision from the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI)
  • documentation of entry to Norway, for example airline ticket, boarding card or intinerary

Lånekassen will receive confirmation from the academic institution that you have been accepted under a quota program.

 

Remember, a loan isn’t free money – it means you have to pay it back.  You would want to pay it back while you live in Norway.  Returning to your home country that has less money value than Norway could mean you will never be able to pay off the loan.

Be wise and think ahead 10 years of where you will be after you have finished your education.  Will the student loan be worth it?

Information correct at publishing.

http://www.lanekassen.no/Toppmeny/Languages/English/Financial-support-for-foreign-students/Who-is-eligible/

 

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