Innledning

Velkommen til norskleksjon 128! In this lesson we learn slightly more complex sentence structures.  We also learn how to answer questions with simple compound sentences.  We also have an ‘Australianised’ version of last lessons diktat as an amusing lead into our podcasts.

Norwegian Lesson 128

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Gloser

gloser28

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Lydøvelse
Below is an ‘Australianised’ version of last lessons diktat.  I thought it would be interesting for you to hear a non-native speakers pronunciation.  English speakers, particularly Australians, find the words that end with ‘e’ very hard to pronounce properly.  This is because when an Aussie sees an ‘e’ at the end of a word they pronounce it ‘ah’.  But have a good go (or have a laugh…lol) and tell us if you can understand me or Moose better ;D

Listen to the audio and take dictation.

Total  1 oz

Compare with the answers in the Svar section at the end of this lesson.

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128.1

Gjennomgang

Fortelling
Pick either the top line or the bottom line from the diagram below to make a Fortelling about ‘Bob the Builder’ or another character.

retning-posisjon-exercise

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128.2

Grammatikk – Hvorfor, Fordi and Derfor
One of the best spørsmål to know when learning about Norwegian or Norway is ‘hvorfor’.  It is exactly like the old English ‘wherefore’  – but in modern times it is better known as ‘why’.  The best reply word to this question is ‘fordi’.  Even though ‘fordi’ is often used as a first word in spoken replies it is however properly used in the middle of sentences when written like in English:

Si: Fordi jeg sier det!

Skriv: Du kan ikke gå fordi jeg sier det!

Another useful word is ‘derfor’ (which you may notice sounds very similar to ‘therefore’).  It is used in the same context as English:

Si/Skriv: Jeg sier du kan ikke gå ut.  Derfor kan du ikke gå.

The use of ‘fordi’ enables to basic sentences to be joined.  However, ‘derfor’ starts a basic sentence.

Fyll
Fill in either ‘fordi’ or ‘derfor’ into the sentences below.

Jeg kjøper is ______ det er varmt i dag.

Det er varmt i dag.  ______ kjøper jeg is.

Jeg har lyst på reise.  ______ fly jeg til Storbirtania.

Jeg bor i Tromsø ______ jeg liker å være med familie.

Han jobber på Statoil ______ han er ingeniør.

De er sulten.  ______ spiser de pizza.

Note: a revision – You may notice the different sentence structures when using ‘fordi’ compared to using ‘derfor’.  This is because ‘fordi’ is a conjunction just like ‘og’ and is not really part of the sentence – it is only there to join them.  This means that it is not included in the first information of the sentence – the first information would be the pronoun (de, jeg, han, Mike etc).  The verb is the second piece of information.

In the ‘derfor’ sentence: Because the ‘derfor’ is actually a part of the sentence as it is the beginning or first information then the verb must follow as the second information in the sentence which is then followed by the pronoun.

Remember the basic structure:

1. Personal Pronoun – 2. Verb

or

1. First Information – 2. Verb – 3. Personal Pronoun

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128.3

Gjennomgang
It would be good to revise lessons 119 and 120 about basic sentence structure in connection with this section.

Grammatikk – Sentence Structure with ‘ikke’.
We have learnt about negative sentences particularly in lesson 106.  We also learnt about ‘modalverb’ in lesson 111.  These two types of words work together in more complex sentences (as in the examples above):

Jeg sier du kan ikke gå ut.  Derfor kan du ikke gå.

In basic sentences the ‘ikke’ comes after the verb:

Jeg går ikke.

When a modalverb is in the sentence (which makes the sentence slightly more complex) the ‘ikke’ still comes after the verb – as the modalverb and verb have joined in information the ‘ikke’ comes after the most important part which is the first verb: hence, the modalverb:

Du kan ikke gå ut.

In the sentence:

Jeg sier du kan ikke gå ut.

…the ‘jeg sier’ is an add-on.  The real sentence starts with ‘du’ and therefore the second pieces of information is the verb (modalverb) ‘kan’  As the ‘ikke’ comes after the verb it must go next.

Because of this understanding the sentence:

Derfor kan du ikke gå.

…looks like it is wrong.  However, remembering the second basic sentence structure rule:

1. First Information – 2. Verb – 3. Personal Pronoun

… we can see how the sentence still follows structure.  It’s all about which structure rule overrules another.  In this instance, even though there is the rule about ‘ikke’ following the verb/modalverb, the rule about the pronoun coming after the verb if it isn’t in first place overrides it.  Therefore the ‘ikke’ is left to come after the personal pronoun in this instance.

Prøv
Practise the basic sentence structure rules by putting ‘ikke’ into the sentences below:

Jeg spiser pizza.

Jeg drikker fordi jeg er tørst.

Kan du gå til jobb nå?

Jeg er kald.  Derfor har jeg på jakke.

Jeg liker å spise appelsin fordi jeg liker smaken.

Hvorfor bor du i Oslo?

Familien sitter i stua og ser på tv.

Jeg liker å gå når det er en hyggelig kveld.

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128.4

shops

Les
Read the fortelling Handledag out loud
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Fortelling – Handledag
I dag skal jeg gå til frisøren fordi jeg trenger mer spesiell balsam.  Men først går jeg til banken og åpner en konto.  Jeg har lyst til å reise til Spania i vinter og jeg vil gjerne å spare penger til det.  Jeg skal møte en venn klokka to for å se en film på kino.  Men før det må jeg gå til kiosken for å ta tilbake en video jeg leide sist kveld.  Jeg bør også ha tid å kjøpe klær.  Jeg trenger ei ny jakke og et nytt skjerf også.  Derfor vil jeg gå til klesbutikken nær gågata.  Etter kino kan vennen min og jeg gå til kafe og ta en kaffe.  Jeg må lage middag i kveld. Derfor må jeg ikke bli for lenge.  Jeg må gå og kjøpe grønnsaker før jeg tar bussen hjem.  Oi! Jeg trenger også salami fra butikken mellom kafeen og klesbutikken.  Jeg håper vennen min lyst til å se en romantisk komedie.

Fyll
Fill in your ‘substantiv’ list the new nouns from the above fortelling.

Lag
Which stores and in what general order does the shopper in the fortelling visit?  Make a simple ‘time map’ of the places visited.

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Svar

Total-1-oz:

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