Velkommen til norskleksjon 123! When searching the net for language lessons it is very difficult to find lessons that you need. Since I’ve been learning Norwegian I’ve found that many teach about the structure and principles but what I want more of is exercises to practise. It is difficult to practise with the same exercises over and over because you already know the answers. Finding new exercises that match what you are currently learning can be a hair-pulling task. This is why, for me, making up my own exercises helps me so much more in my practise. So if you are craving more exercises what you can do is make up your own. After each lesson in this series you can make up exercises based on the ones in the lesson (actually, you can just copy them and change the nouns, genders, adjectives etc for ‘fersk’ content). Put the exercises away – then pull them out again a week later to do. This is an excellent way to revise but also many people learn better when they teach (like me;). And even better – if you post your exercises in the comments below then we can all benefit from each other!
Hope this helps. Hope you enjoy the lesson.
Norwegian Lesson 123
Here is a sound practise that will really rely on your ability to use your mouth. The symbol ‘ç’ is not in the Norwegian alphabet but is a sound that involves the letter combinations: kj – ki – ky – tj
People who speak Englis-English (meaning a UK-form of English such as The Bristish Isles, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand) will find this sound a little easier to pronounce than our American-speaking friends. This is because of the way English-English speaker pronounce the H in words like ‘hue’ or ‘hugh’. This H sound is very similar to the kj – ki – ky – tj sound.
To properly say this sound in Norwegian it needs to be created in a certain part of the mouth – the soft palate. The soft palate is located in the top back part of your mouth. To find the soft palate: from your top teeth, slide your tongue back along the roof of your mouth until it gets soft. This is your soft palate. (Your hard palate is the hard gum before it.) This is where th ç sound is made.
Now make an ‘i’ sound (ee) with the soft palate. This is as close as you will get to the correct sound without living in Norway! I find the only way to really get Norwegian sounds is to constantly listen to Norwegian talking. But I’m sure if you practise this sound lesson over and over you will get a good practical sound.
Uttale – ç
Follow the audio and repeat each sound:
Listen for the long and short vowel sounds with each word. This is a pronunciation rule that covers all of the Norwegian language.
a. Last lesson we learnt about den/det/de and denne/dette/disse. We have also learnt about den/det/de being gender/plural for ‘the’. Study the table below and then write the sentences into Norwegian using the personal pronouns.
It is 9 o’clock.
These cost 8 crowns.
The purple children walk home.
How much do those cost?
The book is blue.
Those curtains are new.
Why are you playing with the orange car?
The banana costs 5 crowns.
This sandwich is for me.
That newspaper is old.
The table is round.
How much do these pears cost?
The red drinks are for you two.
I don’t like the long winters.
The picture is on the wall.
That child goes to kindergarten.
How much do the pears cost?
How much is the bolle?
They take home green apples.
The lamp is red.
This chocolate is hot.
I like those cups.
Grammatikk – Adjektiv
Adjectives are describing words which are effected by the gender of the noun. Adjectives have a masculine/feminine, neutral and plural form. We have already looked at some colours particularly in lessons 116 and 117. We also know some other adjectives from other lessons too – here is a short list of some of them to jog your memory:
In general the masculine/feminine forms of adjectives stay the same as the original word, however the neutral form generally adds ‘t’ to the end of the adjective and the plural form adds an ‘e’ – so the above adjectives would fit into a table like this:
Even though there is the general rule of making adjectives follow the gender of the noun, there are so many exceptions. You can’t take adjectives for granted! Just in the above table you can see a lot of words that don’t follow the rules:
blå – because it already has a vowel on the end it doesn’t need an ‘e’ for plural form.
fiolett – already has a ‘t’ on the end of the word and so another ‘t’ is not needed in the neutral form.
oransje – as you can see doesn’t change at all – it makes it’s own rule!
gammel – (I personally don’t know why this one couldn’t have just added an ‘e’ to it’s plural form to make ‘gammele’…) However, for the plural form the ‘e’ and ‘l’ are swapped around so the word can have the ‘e’ on the end. If the Norwegian who made up this word left it at that it would have looked like this: gammle. But in Norwegian you can’t have a double consonant followed by a single consonant. So they just take out an ‘m': gamle. This concept works in a lot of Norwegian words when following the rules just makes the word look silly.
ny – has a double ‘t’ in its neutral form – I have no idea why – just go with it.
stekt – is another word that doesn’t change in its neutral form because it already has a ‘t’ on the end.
All the rest – (in the table at least) do follow the rules – halleluja!
Frukt og Grønt – på supermarked
a. Answer the questions below using personlig pronomen and adjektiv (colours).
Hvilken farger er bananen?
Hvor mange jordbær er det?
Hvilke farger er disse druene?
Hvor er den små gulroten?
Hvilke farger er de potetene?
Er disse nektarinene gode?
Hvilken farger er sellerien?
Hvor mange maiskolber er det?
Hva koster brokkolien?
Hvilke farger er yoghurten og drikken?
b. Fill in the blanks with prepositions:
Yoghurten er ___ det korte glasset.
Druene er ______ nektarinen og tomatene.
Jordbæret er _______ glasset.
Det høye glasset er ____________ det korte glasset.
Bananene er ______ tomatene.
Jordbæryoghurten er ___ glasset.
Adjektiv – Farger
c. Fill in the adjektiv with the proper gender/plural:
De ______ jordbærene.
Den store poteten er ______.
Druene er ______.
Disse nektarinene er ______.
Denne ______ tomaten.
Den lange sellerien er ______.
d. Say the sentences out loud with the right ‘adjektiv’ using:
mange – grønne – små -friske – mye – mange – alle – god – nye – lang
De ______ bananene.
Den drua er ____.
Hvor ____ nektariner vil du ha?
Hvor ____ er sellerien?
Hvor ____ gulrøtter er i posen?
Hvilken tomat er ____ å spise?
Er disse _____ argurkene _____?
Disse er ____ de ____ fruktene.
e. Make up a ‘fortelling’ about the different size, amount and colour fruit and vegetables you buy.
Når jeg går til supermarked kjøper jeg…