Introduction

Velkommen til Norwegian Lesson 111! One of the things that should make it easier for you to listen to our lessons is that Moose speaks with a North-Norwegian dialect.  (You may notice the difference to his rhythms and inflections than someone from Oslo or Stavanger.)  North-Norwegians speak with a similar tone in their sentences as English.  This means when you listen to it is sounds like an English sentence or paragraph (but using Norwegian words of course…lol).  For me listening to North-Norwegian has made it so much easier to learn.  You can read a little about the different dialects from the post Learning Norwegian.

The other thing that makes it very difficult listening to native Norwegian are those people I call ‘the Mumbles’.  The Mumbles are those who… mumble.  I’d say about 70% of Norwegians are mumblers – the kind of ‘under-their-breath’ talkers that speak as if everything is a side comment.  Words are slurred together, pronunciation is ‘ify’ and they have their foot down on the accelerator.  You might have all the confidence in the world in your Norwegian but these people will crush you on their first breath.  But don’t be let down if you can’t understand a Norwegian (they are kind of used to it…lol)  The best people I find to practise on is people who have had children – grandmas are especially good (although grandpas tend to be one of the Mumbles).  They know how to speak ‘baby’ Norwegian.  Norwegians who have contact with a lot of different people too, like nurses, teachers and government workers are very good to speak with.  At my Ultrasound appointment I could understand everything the technician was saying (I was very delighted!).

In this lesson I have added in a ‘normal Norwegian paced’ sound.  As you will know what is being said it would be good for you to listen to it many times so you can practise picking up information at ‘Norwegian speed’.

Hope you enjoy the lesson.


Norwegian Lesson 111

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Instruction:

Les (Read) – Skriv (Write) – Si (Say) – Lytt (Listen) – Øv (Practise) – Spørsmål (Questions) – Fortelling (Story) – Finn (Find) – Øvelse (Exercise) – Lydøvelse (Sound Practise) – Grammatikk (Grammar) – Uttale (Pronunciation) – Grammatikk (Grammar) – Lag (Make) – Uttrykk (Expression) – Diktat (Dictation) – Svar (Answers) – Gjennomgang (Revision) – Oversett (Translate) – Fyll (Fill)

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Gloser

gloser11

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Lydøvelse
Listen to the audio and take dictation of the alphabet:

Compare with the answers at the end of the post.  (If you have any incorrect…) listen to the audio and read over the answers.  Then retake the dictation.

Diktat – r
Listen to the audio and take dictation.

Compare with the answers at the end of the post.  (If you have any incorrect…) listen to the audio and read over the answers.  Then retake the dictation.

Uttale – n
Follow the audio and repeat each sound:

n

n-ord

Listen for the long and short vowel sounds with each word.  This is a pronunciation rule that covers all of the Norwegian language.

Tall
Listen to the audio of numbers 1-20.  Repeat the sounds.

Refer to Numbers on our Learn Norwegian pages for spelling.

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110.1

Gjennomgang

Les
Read the ‘fortellinger’ below out loud.

Fortelling – Om Morgenen
Hver morgen står Simon opp.  Først dusjer han.  Han dekker bordet og lager frokost.  Han spiser med familien.  Dere rydder sammen og Simon lager matpakke.  Etterpå pusser han tennene, børster håret og kler på seg.  går han på jobb.

Fortelling – Om dagen
Simon kjører Kristian og Marit i bilen.  Simon tar Kristian til grunnskolen.  Så tar han Marit til barnehagen.  Etterpå kjører han til byen.  Simon er maler og jobber bare i godt vær.  Sofia er jordmor og jobber på helsestajon.  Hun tar bussen til byen.  Hun liker å være tidlig på jobb.

Etter jobb henter Sofia Marit fra barnehagen.  De kjøper grønnsaker og melk fra butikken.  Så går de hjem.  Simon henter Kristian fra skolen og de går hjem.

Fortelling – Om kvelden
Hjemme lager Sofia middag.  Simon gir Marit et bad og så dusjer Kristian.  Etterpå sitter familien rundt bordet og spiser.

Etter middag rydder Sofia bordet og Simon vasker opp.  Kristian gjør lekser og Marit leker på teppet.  Før sengetid pusser Kristian og Marit tennene.  Simon hjeper Marit å kle på seg.  Sofia leser ei bok for barna.  Så slukkes lyset.

Simon lager kaffe og Sofia henter kjeksen.  De sitter på sofaen og ser på TV.  De snakker om i morgen.

Skriv
Write a ‘fortelling’ about Simon’s day.

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Lytt
Listen to the audio Om Familien.  Then play the audio again and repeat the sentences.  (Use pause in between).

Fortelling – Om Familien
Simon er maler og jobber i byen.  Han er gift med Sofia.  Hun er jordmor for en helsestatjon.  De har to barn.  En sønn som heter Kristian og ei datter som heter Marit.  Kristian er seks år og går på grunnskolen.  Marit er to år.  Hun går i barnehagen.  Om morgenen gjør familien seg klar for dagen.  Simon lager matpakker og tar Marit og Kristian i bilen.  Sofia tar bussen til jobb.  Hun liker å være tidlig.  Etter jobb henter Sofia Marit.  De kjøper melk og grønnsaker i butikken, så går de hjem.  Simon henter Kristian fra grunnskolen.  Hjemme spiser familien rundt bordet.  Simon og Sofia rydder kjøkkenet.  Etterpå hjelper Simon barna å bli klar for seng.  Sofia leser ei bok for barna og så slukkes lyset.  Simon og Sofia ser på tv sammen.

Lytt
a.  Listen to the audio Om Familien at normal Norwegian reading speed.

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111.2

Grammatikk – Tid
In conversation we often talk about when we do things.  Norwegian has set phrases for ‘non-specific’ times throughout the day.  We have already come across ‘frokost’, ‘lunsj’ and ‘middag’, but there are also many other times during the day.  Below are some of the other times that we have introduced so far:

om morgenen – om dagen – om kvelden

sengtid

først – så – etterpå

etter – før – nå

tidlig

Fyll
a. Fill in the blanks with the different time words:

Jeg kommer fra Olso, men jeg bor i Tromsø ______.
______ går jeg til universitet, _______ går jeg hjem.  ______ går jeg til discotek.
Jeg like å være ______ til timen.
______ middag rydder vi.
__________ liker jeg å gå _______ frokost.
____   _______ leser jeg.

(Take particular note of the information being built in the sentences.  The verbs are still in the second position.)

Note: The Norwegian word ‘for’ is the same word in English and is used in the same way.

Si
b. Say out loud your answer to these questions:

Hva gjør du først om morgenen?
Hva spiser du i dag?
Når er sengtid?
Hvor går du etter jobb?
Når liker du å være tidlig?
Hva gjør du før lunsj?

Skriv
c. Write about your average day – ‘om morgenen,’ ‘om dagen’ and ‘om kvelden’.  Use the texts above as a guide.

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111.3

Grammatikk – Modalverb
Model verbs can be used alone especially in expressions but are also used with verbs in Norwegian:

skal – vil – må – bør – kan

Like verbs in basic statement sentences they are positioned second, though before the verb.  The modalverb and verb joins together as one piece of information.

Jeg skal til skolen i dag.

Modalverb can also be used as spørreord.

Skal jeg til skolen i dag?

Notice how the verb is in third position?  (In basic verb-questions the verb should be in first position.)  However, remember above we said that when using a modalverb it joins with the verb.  So the modalverb and verb act as one piece of information.  Therefore, in the above verb-question the ‘verb information’ actually starts in the first position (just like in verb-questions).  The pronoun/noun, as always in basic sentences, must follow after the verb – here it still does because it is following after the ‘first verb information’.

You may also notice that the verb has no ‘r’ at the end.  This is because when a modalverb is being used beforehand the verb is then written/said in its infinitiv form (eg: å ‘gå’).  This is a general rule for all verbs that have a modalverb before it in basic sentences.

Fyll
a. Fill in these statement sentences using:

skal – vil – må – bør – kan

Han _______ gå til kinoen i dag.
Hun ______ spise nå.
Jeg ______ ringe deg i kveld.
De ______ lese norsk nå.
Dere _______ snakke med Frank.
Jeg _______ gå hjem.

Skriv
b.  Just like verbs, modalverb questions can be answered with a ‘Ja or Nei’.  However, answer the following with full Norwegian sentences.

Kan du synge This Little Pig?
Bør jeg spise nå?
Skal de se på tv?
Må du røre kaken?
Vil du gå hjem med Frank?

Grammatikk – Modalverb med Ikke
When writing a negative sentence with mobalverb the ‘ikke’ is placed after the modalverb in basic sentences.

Du må ikke skrive med penn.
You must not write with pen.

The sentences become very similar to English structured sentences.

Skriv
Write questions to the below modalverb-ikke sentences:

Hun vil ikke ha lekse i dag.

Du kan ikke gå på kino i kveld.

Hun vil ikke ha middag tidlig.

Du må ikke skrive med penn.

De bør ikke komme i vinter.

Dere skal ikke bo i Trondheim.

Les
Read your questions and the answers out loud.

Skriv
Write a paragraph on what you ‘will, can, should, must, shall or will not, can not, should not, must not, and shall not do’ at:

Frokost: ________________
Etter jobb: ______________
I kveld: _________________
På byen: ________________

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Svar

Alphabet-diktat7:

alphabet-diktat7

Diktat – r-ord:

r-ord

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