Introduction

Velkommen til Norwegian Lesson 105! Norwegian is a ‘Germanic’ language, as is English, and so it is a little easier to guess words than say… Chinese.  If you see a word that you don’t know say it out loud and listen to the sound – you might be able to distinguish it to a similar one in English.  For example: butikk (pronounced “booteek”) sounds like boutique, and vei (pronounced “vai”) sounds like way.  Also, many words look similar in English and Norwegian which can help you make them out.  For example: trafikk looks just the same as traffic.  Hope you enjoy the lesson.

Norwegian Lesson 105

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Instruction:
The below are the Norwegian commands from previous Norwegian Lessons to signify active learning tasks.

Les (Read) – Skriv (Write) – Si (Say) – Lytt (Listen) – Øv (Practise) – Spørsmål (Questions) – Fortelling (Story) – Finn (Find) – Øvelse (Exercise) – Lydøvelse (Sound Practise) – Grammatikk (Grammar) – Uttale (Pronunciation) – Grammatikk (Grammar) – Lag (Make) – Uttrykk (Expression) – Diktat (Dictation) – Svar (Answers)

new:
Gjennomgang (Revision)

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Gloser

gloser51

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Lydøvelse
Listen to the audio and take dictation of the alphabet:

Compare with the answers at the end of the post.  (If you have any incorrect…) listen to the audio and read over the answers.  Then retake the dictation.

Diktat – i & e
Listen to the audio and take dictation.

Compare with the answers at the end of the post.  (If you have any incorrect…) listen to the audio and read over the answers.  Then retake the dictation.

Uttale – v
Follow the audio and repeat each sound:

v

v – (med i-e)

v-ord

Notice that the words with one vowel followed by one consonant has a long vowel sound, and the words with one vowel followed by two consonants have a short vowel sound.  Play the audio again and follow along.  Listen for the long and short vowel sounds with each word.  This is a pronunciation rule that covers all of the Norwegian language.

Also notice the stress on the word ‘elev’ – with a longer ‘eh’ sound on the second ‘e’.  Some Norwegian words stress the second sound rather that the first in a word.

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105.1

Fortelling
Jeg er med Sally og Don på Mocca Kafe.  Sally leser ei bok og Don skriver på papir.  Jeg spiser pizza og drikker kaffe.  På kafeen er en TV.  Oprah snakker med Harald Zwart.  Han kommer fra Norge og er filmprodusent.

Lytt
a. Listen to the audio of the fortelling above.  Use pause to stop the audio so you can repeat each sentence. Look at each word as you say it to help you connect the word with the sound.

Si
a. Answer the following with Norwegian sentences.

Hva gjør Sally?
Hva gjør Oprah?
Hva gjør Don?
Hva gjør Harald?
Hva gjør du?
Hva gjør Oprah og Harald?

Skriv
b. Fill in the blanks around the verbs from the story using nouns and pronouns:

______ leser ___ ______.

______ spiser ______.

Oprah er på TV.  ___ snakker.

______ skriver.

___ drikker ___ Mocca _____.

___ kommer ___ ______ og er ____________.

På Mocca ______ er __________.

___ er med ______ og ______.

Lag
c. Make up sentences (write, read and say) using these verbs:

drikker – leser – kommer – er – spiser – går – snakker – ser – bor

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105.2

Gjennomgang

Skriv
a. Fill in the pronouns:

Jeg ser Mike og Jan.  ___ drikker kaffe.

Hva gjør ___?  De spiser salat.

Jon leser ei bok.  ___ drikker kafe også.

Kathy er på Mocca Kafe.  ___ ser på TV.

Hva heter ___?  ___ heter Jon og Kathy.

Uttrykk – Ser På
You may have noticed the repeated phrase ‘ser på tv’.  ‘ser på’ is an expression which means ‘watches’ or ‘looks at’.  ‘Ser’ on its own means ‘sees’.  This case also applies to ‘hører på’ which means ‘listens to’ whereas just ‘hører’ means ‘hears’.

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105.3

Grammatikk – Verb
Norwegian verbs are always placed in the same position in each basic statement sentence:

pronouns-and-verbs

In basic questions with ‘question-words’ (spørreord) verbs are also placed second – the question-word is first and the pronoun/noun comes after the verb:

spc3b8rreorder-structure

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105.4

Si
a. Read out loud the text in the diagram box below.  Then translate it into English.

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Finn og Si
b. Answer the following with Norwegian sentences:

Hva gjør Bente?
Hva gjør Tord?
Hva gjør May?
Hva gjør Simon?
Hva gjør Peter?
Hva gjør Jon?

Hvem jobber på hospitalet?
Hvem jobber på restaurant?
Hvem jobber i butikk?
Hvem jobber på båt?

Skriv
c. Write the answers as full sentences using pronouns.

Hvor jobber Peter?
Hvor jobber May?
Hvor jobber Bente?
Hvor jobber Simon?

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105.5

Lag og Øvelse
a. Imagine you are introducing yourself in a class.  Write up a short introduction paragraph about yourself using greeting, name, where you come from, where you live, what you do, where you work, and what you eat and drink.  (Of cause, you should make it all up – you shouldn’t reveal personal details on the net.)  Post this paragraph in the comments section.

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Svar

Alphabet-diktat1:

alphabet-diktat1

Diktat – i & e:

ieord

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Well, this is the last lesson for the week – you can let your brains rest for the weekend.   How did you go?  Next week we will be working on the things we have already learnt so we can strengthen our skills which will help us greatly in the future.
Ha en hyggelig helg.  Ha det bra!