Introduction

Velkommen til Norwegian Lesson 104! It will be hard for you to practise speaking when you don’t have someone to correct you – I hope you take good advantage of our Lydfiler (sound files).  However, when you need to read something in Norwegian it is a good idea to read it out loud.  That way you practise your reading as well as speech and listening at the same time.

We are getting into basic sentence structure with learning pronouns and some verbs.  This is very exciting because it is the first step of being able to make up your own sentences.  I can’t stress enough that vocab is very important.  If you only know a small amount of words you can’t say very much.  It goes without saying, but I’ll say it any way: The bigger vocab you have the more you have to say.  I hope you enjoy this lesson – putting it together has really solidified some grammar principles for me – so, thanks!

Norwegian Lesson 104

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Instruction:
The below are the Norwegian commands from Norwegian Lessons 101 and 102 to signify active learning tasks.

Les (Read) – Skriv (Write) – Si (Say) – Lytt (Listen) – Øv (Practise) – Spørsmål (Questions) – Fortelling (Story) – Finn (Find) – Øvelse (Exercise)
Lydøvelse (Sound Practise) – Grammatikk (Grammar) – Uttale (Pronunciation)

new:  Lag (make) – Uttrykk (Expression) – Diktat (Dictation)

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Gloser

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Lydøvelse
Practise the Alphabet with the audio:

Diktat – i & u
Listen to the audio and take dictation.

Compare with the answers at the end of the post.  (If you have any incorrect…) listen to the audio and read over the answers.  Then retake the dictation.

Uttale – i & e
Follow the audio and repeat each sound:

ie

ieord

Notice that the words with one vowel followed by one consonant has a long vowel sound, and the words with one vowel followed by two consonants have a short vowel sound.  Play the audio again and follow along.  Listen for the long and short vowel sounds with each word.  This is a pronunciation rule that covers all of the Norwegian language.

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104.1

Øv
a. Practice writing three dialogues by using the diagram below.

Example:
May:  Hei!  Jeg heter May.  Hva heter du?
Jon:  Jeg er Jon.  Jeg bor i Alta.  Hvor bor du?
May: Jeg bor i Trondheim, men jeg kommer fra Bergen.
Jon: Jeg kommer fra Tyskland. lag-dialog-hvor-bor-du

Finn og Si
b. Answer the following with Norwegian sentences:

Hvor bor May?
Hvor bor Jon?
Hvor bor Simon?
Hvor bor Tord?

Hvem bor i Tromsø?
Hvem bor i Alta?
Hvem bor i Oslo?
Hvem bor i Trondheim?

Hvor kommer Simon fra?
Hvor kommer May fra?
Hvor kommer Tord fra?
Hvor kommer Jon fra?

Skriv
c. Fill in the blanks with:

Trondheim – i – Bergen – fra – han – bor – nå  – kommer – hun – nå – Simon

May _____ i _____ nå, og _____ bor Tord _____ Tromsø.

Jon kommer _____ Tyskland.  _____ bor i Alta _____.

_____ bor i Olso, men han _____ fra Australia.

May kommer fra _____, men nå bor _____ i Trondheim.

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104.2

Pronomen – han og hun
a. Use ‘han‘ and ‘hun‘ to fill in the blanks.

Jon bor i Alta.  _____ kommer fra Tyskland.

May kommer fra Bergen.  _____ bor i Trondhein nå.

Simon bor i Oslo nå, men _____ kommer from Australia.

Tord kommer fra Bodø.  Nå bor _____ i Tromsø.

Pronomen – de, vi og dere
b. Use ‘de’, ‘vi‘ and ‘dere‘ to fill in the blanks:

May kommer fra Bergen og Tord kommer fra Bodø.  _____ bor i Norge.

Hvor kommer _____ fra?  Simon kommer fra Australia, og Jon kommer fra Tyskland.

_____ bor i Nord-Norge.  Jeg kommer fra Bodø og Jon kommer fra Tyskland.

May og Tord bor i Norge ogg, _____ kommer fra Norge også.

Pronomen – jeg og du
c. Use ‘jeg‘ and ‘du‘ to fill in the blanks:

Tord:  _____ heter Tord.  _____ kommer fra Bodø.  Hvor kommer _____ fra?
Jon:  _____ kommer fra Tyskland.  Hvor kommer _____fra, May?
May:  _____ kommer fra Bergen men, _____ bor i Trondheim når.

May:  Hva heter ____?
Simon: _____ heter Simon.  Og, _____?
May:  _____ er May.  Hvor bor _____?
Simon:  _____ bor i Oslo.  Og, du?
May:  _____ bor i Trondheim, men _____ kommer fra Bergen.

Personal Pronouns
d. Fill in the blanks using all the personal pronouns:

Hvor kommer May fra?                     _____ kommer fra Bergen.

Hvor kommer dere fra?                     _____ kommer fra Tyskland.

Hvor kommer _____ fra?               Vi kommer fra Oslo.

Hvor bor _____ nå?                          Jeg bor i London.

Hvor bor Susan og Kristian?          _____ bor i Harstad når.

Hvordan går _____?                        Jeg har det bra.

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104.3

Introducing Verbs
Verbs are very important in Norwegian.  They describe the subject’s action in the sentence.  Actions can be in different tenses and therefore verbs change accordingly.  This can make learning Norwegian a challenge as there are many groups of verbs including irregular verbs that break the rules.  Memorising is the key to getting started on Norwegian verbs.
Example:

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We will be learning just present tense verbs for now.

Les
a. Read the basic sentences below.  See if you can work out what each sentence and verb means.

Jeg spiser pizza.
Jeg drikker kaffe.
James kommer fra Norge.
Sally leser ei bok.
Jon og Ian snakker.
Don skriver på papir.
Julie går.
Tom og Kevin ser på tv.

Lytt
b. Listen to the audio of the sentences above.  Use pause to stop the audio so you can repeat each sentence.

Notice how most of names are said with an English accent and ‘Julie’ is said with a Norwegian accent?  This is because ‘Julie’ can also be a Norwegian name whereas the others are English names.

Uttrykk
‘Hva gjør du?’ is known as an ‘uttrykk’ (a saying or expression).  It means ‘What are you doing?’ but it literally translates to ‘What does you?’  This phrase is also used to ask ‘What do you do (for a living)?’  The only way one can tell the meanings apart is by context.  (Norwegians like to use this to play tricks on you.  When you ask them what they ‘do for a living’ they reply ‘I’m talking’ or ‘I’m eating’ or any other action they might be doing at that time.

Skriv
c. Using the sentences above, write the answers to the questions in Norwegian.  Don’t forget to use your personal pronouns.

Hva gjør du?  ____________ pizza.

Hva gjør Sally?  ____________ei bok.

Hva gjør Tom og Kevin?  ______ ser ___ ___.

Hva gjør Jon og Ian?  ____________.

Hva gjør Julie?  ____________.

Hva gjør du?  ____________ kaffe.

Hva gjøre Don.  ____________ papir.

Hva spiser du?  ____________ pizza.

Hva leser Sally?  _____ leser ei _____.

Hva skriver Don på?  ___ skriver ___ ______.

Hvem snakker Ian med?  ___ snakker med ______.

Hva ser Tom og Kevin?  ______ på ___.

Hva drikker du?  ____________________.

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Svar

Diktat – i & u

iuord 

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